Common Causes of Tyre Damage & How to Prevent Them

September 4, 2023

As a responsible car owner, maintaining the health of your tyres is crucial for a safe and enjoyable driving experience. Tyre damage not only poses safety risks but can lead to costly repairs and replacements. In this blog, we’ll explore some of the most common causes of tyre damage and offer practical tips on how to prevent them, ensuring that your tyres stay in top-notch condition.

1. Underinflation:

One of the most prevalent causes of tyre damage is underinflation. When your tyres don’t have the proper air pressure, their sidewalls are more prone to flexing, resulting in excessive wear and tear. Underinflated tyres not only wear out faster but also negatively impact your vehicle’s handling and fuel efficiency.

Preventive Measures:

Regularly check your tyre pressure using a reliable pressure gauge. The recommended tyre pressure can usually be found in your vehicle’s owner’s manual or on a sticker located on the driver’s side door jamb. Make it a habit to check your tyre pressure at least once a month, and always do so when the tyres are cold for accurate readings. By maintaining the correct tyre pressure, you’ll not only extend the life of your tyres, but also improve your vehicle’s overall performance.

  • Remember, if you’re carrying a greater load than usual, or pulling a trailer, you may need to slightly increase your tyre pressure. Refer to your vehicle’s owner manual when determining the required pressure to match your load, and remember to readjust the pressure when you’re no longer carrying the extra weight.
  • Also remember, if you are driving off-road on rough, muddy or gravel terrain, you may need to under inflate your tyres, also known as ‘airing down’. By lowering the tyre pressure, you enlarge the tyre’s contact area with the ground. This enhances grip and offers improved control when navigating challenging landscapes. Again, refer to your vehicle’s owner manual for further instruction on appropriate deflation. And if you can’t find the answer there, speak with a tyre specialist.

2. Overloading:

Overloading your vehicle can put immense stress on your tyres, leading to premature wear and reduced traction. When your car carries more weight than it’s designed to handle, the tyres struggle to support the load, increasing the risk of blowouts and tyre failure.

Preventive Measures:

Always adhere to the recommended load capacity for your vehicle, which can be found in the owner’s manual or on a placard inside the driver’s side door. Avoid carrying excessive luggage or overloading the trunk, especially on long trips. 

If you regularly transport heavy items, consider distributing the weight evenly across the vehicle or using a roof rack to reduce strain on the tyres. By avoiding overloading, you’ll help prolong the life of your tyres and maintain a safer driving experience.

As we mentioned in our first tip, having the right tyre pressure matters. You may need to slightly increase your tyre pressure when carrying heavy loads.

3. Potholes and Road Debris:

Encountering potholes and road debris is inevitable, but hitting them can cause significant damage to your tyres. Potholes can result in sidewall cuts, bulges, or even punctures, while debris can become lodged in the tyre treads, affecting traction and stability. By driving attentively and defensively, you’ll minimise the chances of tyre damage from road hazards.

Preventive Measures:

  • Be cautious when driving through areas with rough roads, construction zones, or roads with potholes. 
  • Slow down when approaching potholes, and if it’s safe to do so, steer around them. 
  • Maintain a safe following distance from other vehicles to reduce the risk of hitting road debris thrown up by the car in front of you. 
  • Regularly inspect your tyres for signs of damage and remove lodged debris. 

4. Poor Wheel Alignment:

Improper wheel alignment is a common culprit behind uneven tyre wear. When your wheels aren’t aligned correctly, they exert uneven pressure on the tyres, leading to premature wear and affecting vehicle handling.

Preventive Measures:

Have your wheel alignment checked regularly by a qualified mechanic, especially after hitting a pothole or curb. Proper wheel alignment not only extends tyre life but also ensures optimal handling and fuel efficiency. If you notice uneven wear patterns on your tyres, it’s a sign your alignment might be off, and you should address it promptly. By maintaining proper wheel alignment, you’ll protect your tyres and enjoy a smoother ride.

5. Speeding and Harsh Braking:

Speeding and aggressive braking can cause significant stress on your tyres, leading to sidewall damage and reduced tread life. Speeding generates excessive heat, accelerating tyre wear, while harsh braking wears down the tread and decreases overall tyre longevity. By adopting responsible driving habits, you’ll protect your tyres and enjoy a safer and more fuel-efficient driving experience.

Preventive Measures:

  • Adhere to posted speed limits and drive at a safe and reasonable pace. 
  • Avoid sudden and aggressive braking whenever possible. 
  • Gradually decelerate when coming to a stop, allowing your vehicle’s momentum to slow down naturally. 
  • Regularly inspect your tyres for signs of wear and replace them as needed. 

Conclusion:

Proper tyre maintenance is essential for both your safety and for your wallet. By understanding the common causes of tyre damage and implementing preventive measures, you can extend the life of your tyres, improve fuel efficiency, and ensure a smooth and enjoyable driving experience. 

Regularly checking tyre pressure, avoiding driving aggressively and overloading, and maintaining proper wheel alignment will help keep your tyres in top-notch condition and contribute to a safer journey on the road. 

Remember, a little effort in caring for your tyres goes a long way in protecting your investment and ensuring a trouble-free ride for many journeys to come.

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